Weather and Seasons in Samara

Crispy winter day in Samara

Samara lies far from the oceans and seas, so the climate is humid continental. This means possible extremes of temperature from an average of -15°C (5°F) in winter to 30°C (86°F) in summer. But extremes can be even more dramatic with occasional drops to -40°C (-40°F) and rises to 40°C (104°F). We see it all here – snow and ice with frozen rivers in winter, the first April heat, hot summer with occasional cool days and thunderstorms, warm and usually dry Indian summer of September and early October. A few charts for scientifically oriented and those relying on figures are below.

Seasons

An average yearly temperature is just 5.2°C, but don’t be fooled by such a small figure. The difference between recorded extremes is a whooping 83°C. When you come here in winter, bring winter clothes, warm hats, winter shoes, and something to cover your neck and hands. Even when it is rather warm according to the thermometer I suggest you keep your hat and gloves/mittens on. Personally I prefer when the temperature falls below -10°C because then it is drier and more comfortable.

Spring comes some time in March, with the snow completely gone by mid-April. An average April is rather warm if not hot, sometimes even warmer than May. When it all dries expect lots of sand lifted by the wind from the roads (sand is used to cover the ice in winter) and flying around. It is then followed by poplar seed tufts from late May till mid-June.

And then summer comes with its dry hot days followed by occasional cooling and thunderstorms. Unless it is the summer of 2010 with no rains (at least not that most people noticed) and scorching heat day and night. The hotter the summer the earlier swimming season begins. Even though you’ll see first sunbathers in April/May and first swimmers in late-May, most people wait until the Volga warms more in late-June. Then the official swimming season starts with thousands of citizens spending their summer vacations and nights-off on the beach. Sometimes it is hard to find a spot to even stand. The season continues until late-August or even early September.

Autumn is nice at the beginning. It may scare you off with a few rainy days in early September, but then the Indian Summer comes to town with warm (sometimes hot) days, clear blue sky and leaves turning all colours. Even in early October when it might be coldish, the clear dry sunny days are gorgeous with yellow leaves against the blue sky. November is usually gloomy. And the first snow may fall any time between mid-November and mid-December. Be it global warming or other reasons, recently the permanent snow cover has often been around later than in the previous decades. But most New Year’s Eves see sparkling snow and festive mood.

September flowers in Samara

September flowers in Samara

Temperature

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C 5.2 (2007) 6.8 (1990) 16.5 (2009) 31.1 (1950) 33.7 (1948) 38.4 (1975) 39.4 (2010) 39.9 (2010) 34.0 (2015) 26.0 (1936) 14.7 (2013) 7.3 (1979) 39.9 (2010)
Average temp °C -9.9 -9.6 -3.4 7.0 14.9 19.7 21.5 19.4 13.4 6.0 -2.4 -8.2 5.7
Record low °C -43.0 (1942) -36.9 (1956) -31.4 (1964)  -20.9 (1963) -4.9 (1952)  -0.4 (1967)  6.3 (1947)  2.3 (1976)  -3.4 (1941)  -15.7 (1940) -28.1 (1957) -41.3 (1978)  -43.0 (1942)

If you’ve come from the USA, please refer to the table below:

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F 41.4

(2007)

44.2

(1990)

61.7

(2009)

88

(1950)

92.7

(1948)

101.2

(1975)

102.9

(2010)

103.8

(2010)

93.2

(2015)

78.8

(1936)

58.5

(2013)

45.1

(1979)

103.8

(2010)

Average temp °F 14.2 14.7 25.9 44.6 58.8 67.5 70.7 66.9 56.1 42.8 27.7 17.2 42.3
Record low °F -45.4

(1942)

-34.4

(1956)

-24.5

(1964)

 -5.6

(1963)

23.2

(1952)

 31.3

(1967)

 43.3

(1947)

 36.1

(1976)

 25.9

(1941)

 3.7

(1940)

-18.6

(1957)

-42.3

(1978)

 -45.4

(1942)

Precipitation

The table below gives the rainfall figures for each month:

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high mm 5 (1937) 0.3 (1984) 3 (1959) 1 (1963) 0.7 (1979) 1 (1981) 1 (2010) 0.0 (1972) 0.0 (1974) 0.0 (1987) 4 (1959) 5 (1944) 249 (1951)
Normal mm (in) 53 (20.9) 42 (16.5) 34 (13.4) 39 (15.4) 36 (14.2) 56 (22) 57 (22.4) 46 (18.1) 44 (17.3) 53 (20.9) 52 (20.5) 51 (20.1) 563 (221.7)
Record low mm 106 (2007) 91 (1979) 87 (1961) 119 (1993) 100 (1941) 168 (1960) 159 (1944) 111 (1993) 192 (2011) 113 (2002) 151 (1972) 133 (1967) 844 (1990)

104 days a year (on average) it snows in Samara including average 22 days of snow blizzards. It rains an average of 122 days per year with 25 days of thunderstorms. 27 days a year Samara experiences foggy weather, which greatly affects the operations at Kurumoch International Airport.

It was snowing heavily for three days in late-January 2008 (daily maximum of 35 mm of snow). Trams and the metro were the only means of public transport that worked. Buses, trolley-buses and most cars didn’t move. People walked to their work and back along nearly empty streets, with only narrow paths carved in snow in some places. A lot of cars were completely covered with snow in the parking lots. Schools were closed. It was fun!

Humidity

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Year
% 83 80 79 67 58 64 67 69 73 76 83 83 74

Winds

The prevailing wind in summer is westerly, in winter – easterly and northerly, in spring and autumn – southwesterly.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Year
m/s 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.8 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.3

The data above is taken from Weather and Climate.

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